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Understanding Culture and Civilization

Understanding Culture and Civilization

Culture and civilization refer to our social behavior. Our ideas, customs, traditions are an integral part of culture and civilization. It is difficult to understand the nationality or citizenship in the absence of culture and civilization.

Culture is not a tangible thing that can be worn by a human being. Culture is an intrinsic factor that builds us up as human beings belonging to specific civilization. Culture has been created by human beings. Culture represents the diversity found in human beings on account of demographic variables, region, religion, belief systems etc. The world has witnessed existence of various cultures spread across various regions. The basic element of culture is religious beliefs and symbolic expressions. There is no one way of living that is correct. With the advancement of technology the world is shrinking. Gradually we are learning to coexist on level that is not just regional but global.  Existence of culture makes the existence of civilization necessary.

Civilization has a broad meaning that may refer to many things. The meaning of civility or being civilized may differ from one person to another. Civilization relates to civility. It is a contentious term that is used in many different ways. It is society or a group of people with similar characteristic features. Civilization is often is often used describe several metrics that include currency, legal systems, architectural designs, political systems, forms of government, religions etc.

Majority of us believe that civilization refers to the way we live, the way we perform certain actions etc. It refers to the level of material progress that we have managed to make to so far. Our ancestors have left us with set protocols that define correct way to perform things. When to read about their lifestyle we learn about their civilization.

We have learnt about various civilizations that existed across the globe. The most prominent amongst them are Mesopotamia and Egypt (3100 BC), The Indus (2500 BC), The Aegean (2000 BC), China (1600 BC), America (1200 BC), The Mediterranean (From 1000 BC), Regional Civilization (AD 400 – 1500), Global Civilization (16<sup>th</sup> -20<sup>th</sup> Century).

Some people compare civilization with culture. This correlation states that civilization the way of life of people. In primitive age men had no other option but hunt for food, make arrangement for supplies to prepare for different seasons. Communication is an important aspect of human civilization as man is a social animal. Man has found various ways to communicate with one another. He learnt to form groups for various purposes. He devised various ways to transact with each other. He developed batter that involves exchange of goods and services for goods and services. There was no give and take. Later he developed currency coins, notes and today we have plastic money in the form of cards. We transact online, pay for products and service through the internet. The way we deal with people has changed.

Civilization is a macro concept whereas culture is a micro concept. Civilization is a complex aggregate of various ways in which the society conducts its living. Civilization is super and culture is a set. Culture can be learned and transmitted from generation to generation whereas civilization cannot be transferred.

As it grows eventually.